Treatment of Gynecological Diseases
The surgical approach to the treatment of gynecological diseases is determined by the severity of the various conditions and the general health status of the patient. Here are surgical treatments for some common gynecological diseases and examples of how these treatments are applied:
- Uterine Cancer and Hysterectomy:
- Why Surgery is Performed: When uterine cancer is diagnosed, depending on the stage of the disease, the uterus can be removed (hysterectomy).
- Surgical Approach: Surgical intervention is usually performed by removal of the uterus (total hysterectomy). In advanced stages, it may also be necessary to remove the lymph nodes.
- Fibroids and Myomectomy:
- Why Surgery is Performed: If fibroids in the uterus are causing pain, bleeding or infertility, surgery may be considered.
- Surgical Approach Myomectomy is performed to remove fibroids. This involves removing only fibroids while preserving the uterus.
- Endometriosis and Laparoscopy:
- Why Surgery is Performed: Endometriosis is a condition where intrauterine tissue grows outside the uterus. Surgery may be needed to remove these additional tissues.
- Surgical Approach: Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure. It is performed by inserting a camera and surgical instruments into the abdomen through small incisions or punctures.
- Ovarian Cysts and Cystectomy:
- Why Surgery is Performed: Cysts that form in the ovaries can sometimes be surgically removed depending on the pain or their size.
- Surgical Approach Cystectomy involves removal of the cyst. Laparoscopy